Employers are required to withhold federal income tax from all employees' wages unless the employee is exempt from the tax. The withholding amount is based on the employee's taxable wages, marital status and number of allowances stated on his or her W-4 form, plus the withholding tax tables in IRS Circular E (or Publication 15).
As an employer, you normally have to file a quarterly Form 941 to report your employees' wages and withholding. Each quarter, if you pay wages subject to income tax withholding (including withholding on sick pay and supplemental unemployment benefits) or Social Security and Medicare taxes, you must file a Form 941, although there are some exceptions.
A tax reciprocal agreement is established when two states agree to avoid the burden of dual taxation on employees who live in one state while working in another state. The contract exempts the employee from taxes in his or her work state while requiring payment only to the home state.
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